Studying at ULB

The purpose of the ECTS grading system

On top of traditional numerical marks, an ECTS grading scale was developed. ECTS grades provide additional information on the marks received by the student; however, by no means do ECTS grades replace the numerical marks used by local institutions. Each higher education institution remains free to decide how to implement this grading system in its evaluation processes.

ECTS grades are given as follows:

ECTS grade

Percentage of passing
students who should receive this grade




EXCELLENT: remarkable achievement, with only minor shortcomings.



VERY GOOD: better-than-average performance, despite a number of shortcomings.



GOOD: generally good work, despite a number of significant shortcomings.



SATISFACTORY: decent work, with considerable deficiencies.



FAIR: the student’s work fulfils the minimum criteria.



INSUFFICENT: considerable extra work is required.

The purpose of this grading is not to establish a ranking of students in a given year, but rather to let each student know how well they are doing compared to their peers in the previous years. The grading system therefore involves completing statistical analyses in order to determine specific thresholds for grades A through E.

An A grade refers to the performance of students in the top 10%, a B grade to that of the students in the next 25%, and so on. This means that students whose marks are higher than the threshold for a B grade, for instance, will have a ‘B’ next to their mark on the diploma supplement.