Sixth Biannual International Conference of the International Society
for Ecological Economics (ISEE)
"People and Nature: Operationalising Ecological Economics" ISEE 2000
July 5-8, 2000, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
Urban Transport Policies
and Greenhouse Gases Emissions in Brussels
Paul Safonov 1, 2, *, Vincent Favrel 1, and Walter Hecq 1
1 Centre for Economic and Social Studies on the Environment
Free University of Brussels (Université Libre de Bruxelles - ULB),
44 Avenue Jeanne, CP 124, Brussels, B-1050, Belgium.
Tel: +32 2 650-3588, Fax: +32 2 650-4691,
2 Institute of Control Sciences (ICS),
Russian Academy of Sciences,
and ISEE Russian Chapter
65 Profsoyuznaya, Moscow, 117806, Russia.
* corresponding author
The emissions of the greenhouse gases (GHG) from transportation in Belgium, and especially in the Brussels area, are observed as a major and increasing factor of environmental pressure. This is linked to a growth of economic activity, especially in the tertiary sectors, which require more and more offices, and thus commuting. In the frame of Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change (1997) a target of 7.5% reduction of GHG emissions by the year 2010 (from the level of 1990) is an accepted Belgian obligation, for which feasibility and implementation measures should be assessed.
The aim of the paper is to analyze the GHG emissions from mobility induced by transport and other urban policies. Among main environmental impacts of mobility, the emission of carbon dioxide, and consumption of non-renewable fuel (gasoline and diesel-oil) are assessed for a case study of the Brussels-Capital region, comparing the Kyoto framework and business-as-usual scenarios.
For this purpose a system of models is being developed, including: forecasts of population and employment dynamics in accordance to regional economic development, a mobility model, providing scenarios of traffic intensity and its spatial distribution in the region; a model linking mobility and greenhouse gases (GHG) emission.
Scenario simulations are based on different groups of assumptions and targets for improvement of policy making in regional and urban planning in Brussels, in particular, for transport policy in the urban area and its surroundings, office stock and market development, regulations on vehicles use and composition of park of vehicles, road taxation and other environmental instruments, contribution to Kyoto Protocol targets for the GHG emissions abatement.
* * *
Session: "Transport and Land Use Planning"
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(Russian Society for Ecological Economics)